Important Theories in Criminology: Why People Commit Crime

Important Theories in Criminology: Why People Commit Crime

September 2, 2016 0 By armletbd
By Steven Briggs

In criminology, Punahou High School(Honolulu) examining why people commit crime is very important in the ongoing debate of how crime should be handled and prevented. Many theories have emerged over the years, and they continue to be explored, individually and in combination, Asics Gel Lyte 5 as criminologists seek the best solutions in ultimately reducing types and levels of crime. Here is a broad overview of some key theories:

  • Rational choice theory: People generally act in their self-interest and make decisions to commit crime after weighing the potential risks (including getting caught and punished) against the rewards.

  • Social disorganization theory: A person’s physical and social environments are primarily responsible for the behavioral choices that person makes. In particular, a neighborhood that has fraying social structures is more likely to have high crime rates. Braxton Miller – Ohio State Buckeyes Air Jordan 12 Such a neighborhood may have poor schools, ULTRA BOOST Uncaged vacant and vandalized buildings,

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  • Strain theory: Most people have similar aspirations, Asics Gel lyte 5 Dames adidas y3 damskie but they don’t all have the same opportunities or abilities. Nike Free 3.0
    When people fail to achieve society’s expectations through approved means such as hard work and delayed gratification, GS Air Jordan 12 they may attempt to achieve success through crime.

  • Social learning theory: People develop motivation to commit crime and the skills to commit crime through the people they associate with.

  • Social control theory: Most people would commit crime if not for the controls that society places on individuals through institutions such as schools, workplaces, GS Air Jordan 6 churches, New Balance Heren

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  • and families.

  • Labeling theory: People in power decide what acts are crimes, and the act of labeling someone a criminal is what makes him a criminal. Alabama Crimson Tide adidas yeezy boost 550 męskie Once a person is labeled a criminal, society takes away his opportunities, Air Jordan Retro 6 Nike Air Max 2017 Dames zwart which may ultimately lead to more criminal behavior.

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